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However, some flutes, such as the whistle, gemshorn, flageolet, recorder, tin whistle, tonette, fujara, and ocarina have a duct that directs the air onto the edge (an arrangement that is termed a "fipple"). The fipple gives the instrument a distinct timbre which is different from non-fipple flutes and makes the instrument easier to play, but takes a degree of control away from the musician.

Another division is between side-blown (or transverse) flutes, such as the Western concert flute, piccolo, fife, dizi and bansuri; and end-blown flutes, such as the ney, xiao, kaval, danso, shakuhachi, Anasazi flute and quena.

The earliest extant Chinese transverse flute is a chi (篪) flute discovered in the Tomb of Marquis Yi of Zeng at the Suizhou site, Hubei province, China. It is fashioned of lacquered bamboo with closed ends and has five stops that are at the flute's side instead of the top.

Chi flutes are mentioned in Shi Jing, compiled and edited by Confucius, according to tradition.

This article is about the whole family of side-blown, end-blown, vessel, and duct instruments.

For the flute commonly used in orchestras, chamber music, wind ensembles/concert bands, military bands, and marching bands, see Western concert flute. The flute is a family of musical instruments in the woodwind group.

4000-1200 BCE) and the Iron Age (1200-586 BCE), the latter era "witness[ing] the creation of the Israelite kingdom and its separation into the two kingdoms of Israel and Judea." The airstream creates a Bernoulli or siphon.

One of those scales is named embūbum, which is an Akkadian word for "flute".

In its most basic form, a flute is an open tube which is blown into.

After focused study and training, players use controlled air-direction to create an airstream in which the air is aimed downward into the tone hole of the flute's headjoint. With most flutes, the musician blows directly across the edge of the mouthpiece, with 1/4 of their bottom lip covering the embouchure hole.

The player of a side-blown flute uses a hole on the side of the tube to produce a tone, instead of blowing on an end of the tube.

End-blown flutes should not be confused with fipple flutes such as the recorder, which are also played vertically but have an internal duct to direct the air flow across the edge of the tone hole. The ocarina, xun, pan pipes, police whistle, and bosun's whistle are closed-ended.

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